Video Production

 

 

 

 

 

This page is NO LONGER ACCURATE!

 

Please visit the most current version of this page:

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1e4F4dkh5Zbmb7L-MObIdhLoZDYmnZRQWUVLvYfByxM0/edit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assignment:    Design and Produce 4 Videos

Goals:              Walk away with a DVD of all of your videos

Tools:               Adobe Studio Production including: Premier Pro, After Effects, Encore, Photoshop

References:     http://www.cybercollege.com/tvp_ind.htm

Video Modules: http://www.cybercollege.com/matchindex.htm  (complete all 70 by the end of the 6th 6 weeks.)

Interactive Quizzes: http://www.cybercollege.com/tvp_t.htm (this NOT currently for a grade...for reference only)

Samples:          Student Videos

Resources:      https://edex.adobe.com/ - create an account...it is free and will open a LOT of resources for you. Also https://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop.html?AH_ION=true

Production Roles:  List of jobs you might find on the production of a music video, commercial, or block buster movie.

Grade Period Reviews

 

Quick Links to Sections on this page:

Fall Semester - Video 1 - PhotoStory

Spring Semester - V2, V3, V4

Music in Videos

Preproduction Planning

Instructions and Tips

Premiere Instructions

Premiere Keyboard Shortcuts

Encore - Building and Burning a DVD

DVD Case

Video Terminology

 

 

Fall Semester:

Video Story 1 - Photostory - Video Production Intro Project: Video presentation of photos with a theme.

Photo 3 & 4 - Video Entries due for in lieu of a daily focus, your additional class requirements include preparing additional videos, etc.

 

It is also important to LOOK at what will be due at the end of the Spring Semester. Although the due dates are not until the end, MOST of the projects should be under way WELL before the 4th 6 weeks. In particular, you will be expect to have several time lapses.

 

 

Spring Semester:

Over the course of the next ~18 weeks, we will be producing 3 additional videos, starting out with simple, "in camera" editing then progressing to using computer based software for composite track editing with audio and/or voice over. We will start first with an individual project, then complete a small group (pairs) and then a large group video (3-6) final individual video. Several of you have DSLR cameras capable of recording video clips, which is great. If not, you will need to check out a camera from me, which uses special DV tapes. In which case, you will need to provide a Digital Video Tape if you wish to keep the raw video footage. All of you will need a blank DVD for your final product. The last couple of weeks of school will consist of making your DVD (including Scene selection and Extras).

 

It is important to note the complexity of trying to tackle a project like this. I expect 110% from each of you. Many aspects of this are as new to me as it is to you, relatively speaking that is. I know video cameras and know time code and video production…but I have not done it on these computers. Point is, there is no time to keep on you to stay working on something productive. Between the video projects, your independent photography research, and an on-line gallery development, and preparing for the ATPI contest, each of you have more than enough to do. Be INTRINSICALLY motivated (you), NOT extrinsically (me). The videos do NOT necessarily correlate to the 6 weeks. You need to start planning and shooting for the 3rd and 4th videos SOONER than the 5th and 6th Focus. Specifically the 4th Video is a series, so you need to start shooting as soon as possible.

 

* To help you with topic choices, try a Google search for Short Story Prompts, like: http://www.creative-writing-now.com/short-story-ideas.html

- Emotional themes will be hard to "show" in short films. My recommendation is to look for action based themes.

- Try to pick a theme with global appeal - funny or deeply emotional. What will go viral on YouTube?

* Since most people will record Video 2 on a DSLR, please be aware that it will produce CLIPS that have to be combined, thus making this project a bit more complicated than once before with tape based cameras. Previously, Video 2 was to be edited "in-camera" as much as possible. IOW, the filming of Video was the priority, with an emphasis on short, well shot scenes, shot in chronological order.

 

** NOTE: One PERSON (a.k.a the OFFICIAL PRODUCER) participating in the ATPI Pre-Conference Video Contest B.I.G. 72, will be able to use the fundamentals of the contest submission as their Video 2 project. Additional editing may be necessary or required that is not possible during the time constraints allowed by a timed contest. ADDITIONAL participants (actors, planners, grips, etc.) may be necessary, and can come from the class roster and MAY receive CE Credit as determined by the PRODUCER.

Video 2*

   - Story – Individual project. You will produce a 2-4 minute video that either illustrates a story or instructs on the production of something. This is a video assignment in which the story is shot in "real time" as much as possible.  In other words, try to shoot the entire video in the ORDER in the camera* in the order it will appear in the final product. If you do a scene that doesn't come out right, you must rewind the tape and tape over the bad section. A treatment and storyboard must be approved before you begin shooting the video. V2 video will eventually be edited, but it needs to be well edited "in-camera"*. This video may NOT be a Claymation nor time-lapse. While a worthwhile topics, these topics are more of a photostory as it is a composite of photos made into a movie and is reserved for Video 4. Note: Photo 2s may do a "How To", however, you must work to develop the a STORY with a conflict established, the body of the video, and a resolve. Although a "How to" does fit this model, it is scooting around the traditional storey development of developing a story line and the character development. Therefore, "How to" videos for Video 2 will be permitted by Photo 2s only. Photo 3+...dig deeper.

 

Video 3* (a or b)

 

 

 

Video 4 - Animation (a or b) - This is a relatively new topic for video 4, so, the details of this portion are still in refinement, so consider this a research project. Don't get behind on this as you are still excepted to complete this project regardless of formal details. Do some research while I am building the resources over the next few years. Your TOPIC, regardless of choice below (A or B), will be due in the 4th GP PRIOR to the 3 week interim.

a.  Time-lapse - 4 or more short series. Short as being defined as the duration of the images captured as well as the final clip. Need at least four scenes of 15 minutes to 1 hour, taken at 5-30 second intervals.  The actual capture rate vs. the playback rate can vary greatly, and will ultimately determine the final output.

  • A few things to consider include the idea that your time-lapses may need to take place over the course days, week, or even months. Don't get to complicated, but not everybody is going to want to do a pile of ice melting, or a hibiscus opening (in just 2-3 hours during the summer). Some of you may want to consider a longer term project like a photo a day of your self over a period of a month, or a longer opening flower, like a lily (kind of late this year as the growth begins around Christmas...although the blooms may not open for a while). For Time-lapse, please review my Time-Lapse Folder \\172.17.180.35\public\Pictures\Loker's Photos\Video, Timelapses or from your house, my YouTube Channel, http://www.youtube.com/user/drewloker, (not a link...visit at home).

  • Photo 3+ - Incorporate a HyperLapse into your scenes. This means that one of your timelapse segments needs to have the camera move SMOOTHLY through the scene.

b. Claymation/Stop Action (One story) - If you are preferring to do an animation via Stop Action, then it is more likely that you could finish in a weekend. So, if you planning on doing something OTHER than a stop action animation, then you should be planning now for what you want to do for your time-lapse. For those early starters, let me give you three really big tips: 1) Use a Tripod, 2) make sure the tripod doesn't move and 3) Use Manual Focus and Manual Exposure.

 

 

 

 

General Notes:  Please ask in advance to clarify any of the following general notes.

Instructions, Tips, etc.:

 

Movie Production:

 

Samples:

    Student Videos

 

 

 

Video Projects Pre-production Planning Steps

1.      Determine Theme

2.      Write a treatment- where, how, tone, script

o     Type into Google Docs. Be sure to set to share with partner for V3.

o     Treatment should have about 3 paragraphs of what is happening in the story.

o     Include any necessary materials, resources, actors, etc.

3.      Make a story board for each major scene

o     Draw out at least 12 squares. This does not mean you HAVE to have 12 distinct scenes, but plan out with at least 12 squares 6 or more scenes...so that 2 squares might cover one scene. If you do not have an official SB template, draw your own.

o     Indicate camera action, movement, composition, etc.

o     Take a picture of the storyboard with your cell phone or other camera BEFORE turning in the storyboard.

 

Pre-Productions Online Brainstorming

Treatment Sample

Storyboard Sample

Front                   Back

 

Video Production in Premiere Pro

Steps to BEGIN with Premiere

Capture your Video  (if using an old video camera with Firewire)

 

Assembling an animated .gif in Photoshop:

 

 

 

 

Steps to END with Premiere

After Effects

 

DVD production in Encore:

Encore Motion Menu

  1. Import Encore Library
    • Public/Video/Video Production/Library for Encore
  2. Drag selected menu templates into encore
    • MUST be a .psd to work
  3. Specifically for a motion menu video buttons are used for video previews (all others are simply buttons
  4. Add video button to project (by Dragging)
  5. link video to video button
  6. Render motion menu for preview
    • File-Render-Motion Menus
  7. Done Repeat for multiple buttons rendering may take a while

 

Screenshot of Bridge showing the templates:

Encore Screen Shots:

 

DVD Case Cover:

 

Video Terminology

Define these words relative to Video Production. Please do NOT just copy and paste. Please try to familiarize yourself with these words. 
Use Photography Vocabulary first. Then, if you can't find a term, then use Google to search for the "Video Terminology" (with out the quotes).
http://www.filmland.com/glossary/Dictionary.html or www.cs.columbia.edu/~hgs/rtp/glossary.htm
(look for link to Videography Terms)
  1. action lines
  2. animation
  3. aspect ratio
  4. bust shot
  5. character generation
  6. claymation
  7. continuity
  8. credits
  9. director
  10. dissolve
  11. dolly
  12. dub
  13. editor
  14. fade in/out
  15. key light
  16. lux
  17. microphone
  18. monitor
  19. mosaic
  20. noise
  21. pan
  22. pedestal
  23. playback
  24. rack focus
  25. scene
  26. script
  27. soundtrack
  28. special effects generator
  29. storyboard
  30. strobe
  31. tilting
  32. tracking
  33. transition
  34. truck
  35. voice over
  36. white balance
  37. wipe

 

Video Modules:

 

Adobe Premiere Keyboard Shortcuts

 

MOVIE TERMS - Production Jobs. Familiarize yourself with these jobs for a Focus Quiz. Note: Not all jobs are necessary for class projects.  Generally, as a 1 or 2 person team, you are responsible for just about all of the roles covered below. The following are also areas that you can credit at the end of the movie.

 

 

Video Review - 4th Focus Test

  1. Know the vocabulary words

  2. Know the Adobe Premiere Keyboard Shortcuts. Take a snapshot of the keyboard shortcut sheet. If you have NOT been using these, the test will be difficult. Take a moment NOW and practice a few in your Video 1 or 2. Some of the keyboard shortcuts aren't really used until Video 2. So, if you haven't had a chance to practice these, BE SURE to just memorize.

  3. What is the concept of “laying down track” for in-camera editing?
  4. What is the purpose of recording long enough scenes for postproduction editing?
  5. What are some ways to achieve a steady image?
  6. What is the difference between pan and tilt?
  7. What is the difference between pan and track?
  8. How should you zoom in for a CU?
  9. When should you pan back and forth? What is this called?
  10. How does a dissolve differ from a fade?
  11. When should you use a Fade? vs. a dissolve. What is the most common type of transition?
  12. What is a challenge with the built in Microphone? One word to learn...
  13. Why is a MIC Input useful on a Camera?
  14. What is the difference between a line level IN and a MIC In?
  15. What does it mean to dub?
  16. When is a mosaic used?
  17. What is a character generator? (be specific)
  18. What is the purpose of a storyboard?
  19. What is the difference between a script and a treatment?
  20. What is the difference between linear (analog) and non-linear (digital) editing?
  21. What is the Time-line Zoom’s purpose and how is it used?
  22. Why does a TV screen scroll when shot with a video camera?

 

Video Review - 5th Focus Test

  1. Know the Production Personnel Job Descriptions (handout)
  2. What is the purpose of recording long enough scenes for postproduction editing?
  3. Why is S-Video better than RCA? Why is Component Video better than S-Video?
  4. How should you zoom in for a CU (when filming)? [Make sure that
  5. How does a dissolve differ from a fade?
  6. What is a challenge with the built in Microphone? What is a solution? Why is this not an option sometimes?
  7. How does a storyboard help you with your video(s)?
  8. Why is it important to consider what cables you use for various video and audio connections? I.e. Why would a person buying a home theater system buy a $30 cable over a $5 cable when it will do the exact same thing?
  9. What is the difference between linear (analog) and non-linear (digital) editing?
  10. What does it mean to “import” a video? Capture a video?
  11. In Premier, what is the difference between: Project, Timeline, and the “Program” viewers?
  12. What is the difference between a Transition and an Effect?
  13. If you have a long scene that needs trimming down, but you want to preserve the original clip for later editing, what is the best way to accomplish this? (iMovie vs. Premier)
  14. What equipment is necessary for video to be captured on certain computers?
  15. What is the difference between a Gigabyte and a Megabyte? What are some examples of storage devices and the amount of data they can hold?
  16.  
  17. What is the importance of Exporting a video…and what all are the different types of exports?
  18.  

 

 

 

 

Outdated:

In the first semester, we will do a Photo Story Slide Show using Windows Movie Maker. This is to help introduce the concept of video production as well as gain some experience with a basic video editing program that exists on just about every computer (well, Macs have iMovie). This culmination of this project will also be included in your final DVD as an extra. The Photo Story Slide Show will consist of still pictures and music. This assignment that will be due at the end 3rd 6 weeks, but your pictures should be from the entire semester, not just one event. I will show you an example so that you can begin brainstorming right away for what you will want your slide show to be like so you can be shooting along the way. Do NOT wait until the 3rd 6 weeks to be shooting this assignment. http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/moviemaker/getstarted/default.mspx

b. PSA Video Assignment. Individual project. PSA stands for Public Service Announcement. Each person will produce two in-camera PSA's of approximately 30 seconds in length each, on two different public service topics. Like the Video Story 1, this is to be done entirely in camera editing only. This is to be a video that could be shown on commercial TV and taken seriously.

V4 Update - A new project replacing a long tradition of a LARGE GROUP Video Projection that dates back to 1992 (when I first started teaching at Central and the then West Brook teacher shared his video curriculum with me which included a class video and I only had 6 2nd year students) Group Video Project: Group Project (2-4). This is a larger production setup with an entire Production: Crew, set, sound, the whole thing. A Producer will be assigned to manage the project and is ultimately responsible for the project. Begin brainstorming topics for this project now and begin shooting simultaneously after the initial individual video has been completed. An example of this type of video is the documentary of “Prison Life: How I got here”. Another was “Class of 1997” a Senior Video…note, this involved a lot of shooting sessions and some after hours work to have it aired over the Channel 1 monitors at the end of the year. Over the last couple of years, the feasibility of even a small group meeting to get a pretty large project like this done has been greatly diminished. Partly because I myself have become disenfranchised with the idea of forcing 5 people to produce a video, with 1 person frequently doing all of the work, while 2-3 people in the group do nothing. But also because we have moved to a much more VIRTUAL/online society and at this point, I have not developed a plan for a group project to be completed online.

 

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