Panning and Treatment of Motion
Assignment: Learn how to show motion with a camera, Produce a Collage with samples of your results
Goals: Take pictures with a digital camera learning how to use the shutter and flash to show motion.
Tools: Digital camera, props, Picasa and PicasaWeb
"Motion...because life does not wait for your pictures."...Natalie Roan - '07-08
Websites to review:
Instructions for creating the collage - "Motion Poster":
Pictures are located in Public/Pictures/Misc Pictures/Pictures BY Students - there is a picture of the sign up sheet so you can reference pictures by other students cameras if you KNOW they shot you. Copy YOUR pictures to your "My Pictures" folder in a properly named folder. It might be easier to copy the entire folder, and the delete the ones you don't want on your computer. You may also grab any that are OF you, but you can not use them in your Poster. Also, keep in mind that the skating pictures nor Spin and Sprit can be used for your PDP. Sorry.
Launch Picasa so that the new images are indexed
Cull the pictures (press the space bar while browsing in Picasa) your FAVs.
*** To Cull your pictures, make sure the new photos went into your Picture folder (you probably should not store the pictures in your Dropbox as it will take up a lot of space with duds) so that Picasa automatically knows to look there. Delete your duds...but DON'T over delete. (You will NOT be able to delete pictures that are stored on the Public folder, but if you see an inappropriate picture that needs to be deleted, please let me know.)
Create an album in Picasa of your best motion pictures (select the starred photos, upload to Picasa Web creating a new album, share with Public).
Using Picasa to create a collage, insert 4-5 pictures of your best pictures, one large, like a 5x7, showing motion. Use a Text Box to label the page: "Motion" or something clever indicating a sense of motion. The pictures should have a border around them...and do not all have to be at the same angle, i.e.. one or more can be skewed. This is very similar to the portrait poster. If your pictures need tweaking (leveling, etc.) do this BEFORE you insert the photo into the Collage. See older samples below, some of which were created with MS Word.
Your collage needs to contain 1 sample minimum of each type of motion: Panning, Spin or Zoom and Spirit. Optional: Use a spin art samples as an abstract background. Incorporate all 4 topics into a well designed layout. For example, you might use your favorite Spin Art as a Background for the other 3-5 images. If you were absent from either day and/or did not get good samples during the class shooting, please continue to practice this at home. Pictures can come from any shooting: Shangri La, Fair Night Shoot, Skating Rink, Class Day Shoot, Personal Shooting, etc.
Create the Collage and Upload to Collages. Make sure that all 4 collages are in the same folder.
Instructions for shooting assignment to shoot pictures that show motion:
This is HIGHLY experimental. Remember, exposure is like filling a water bucket. If you open the faucet (aperture), it takes less time to fill (shutter speed). In photography, what goes in the bucket is LIGHT. Every picture has a certain amount of LIGHT that is needed to get the best picture possible.
Locate the SHOOTING MODE DIAL...
Shoot for your other up coming projects...
Tips and reminders:
by Clete P, a 2004-05 Senior...took 1st place at the State Fair.
Other times to use a slow shutter, such as with panning:
Putt putt (or golf or other swinging sports)
Waterfall or water fountains behind a person as a portrait
Bike, Car, horse and dog races
Kids on trampolines
Dances, school...or like at a wedding.
Challenges with Showing Motion when Shooting in Automatic Mode:
Generally, when you turn on your flash and you are in AUTO, P or A modes, the shutter speed will automatically go to the default flash sync speed of 1/60th, aka the minimum handheld shutter speed. This shutter speed, combined with the flash burst of light at 1/5,000 of a second pretty much stops ALL action...assuming your subject isn't too far away for the flash to reach it.
So, to show motion AND use your flash, you need to turn to Tv/T (Tv on Canon and Pentax, or T on Nikon) and set manually set your shutter speed to 1/15th. Then, force your flash to go off. Now you can experiment to get wonderful pictures using the slow shutter to show some motion while the flash fires to freeze part of the motion.
Advanced camera tip: If your camera has "Rear Curtain Flash Sync" mode (or Slow Curtain), use this to make sure the "frozen" portion is at the END of the exposure, rather than at the beginning.
Showing motion outdoors in bright sun:
The problem with trying to show motion is that because of the bright sun, your shutter will be way too fast. For example, if you are metering 1/1000 @ f2.8, the SLOWEST you could go is 1/125 @ f8 on the Canon A85 because of it's limited minimum F-Stop. With the Pentax K100d, the slowest you could go is 1/15 at f22.
Here is how it looks:
|-2 stops…with polarizer|
So, as you can see above, if you use a polarizer, you can slow the shutter down a couple of more stops to 1/4 of a sec. But, if it is really bright out...you would be more likely at 1/2000 or 1/4000 of a second at f8, which means, even with a polarizer, you would only be able to slow the shutter down to 1/30.
Bottom line is that it is difficult to show motion in broad daylight. Some other tips would be:
Bonus: Want to try something even more interesting? If you have a MANUAL zoom lens (one that can be turned WHILE the camera is exposing), try zooming during a 1/4 sec exposure...either WITH or WITHOUT a flash.
Here is another example you can try with out flash:
Samples of Motion Posters:
Older Samples, Not as good, before we added the Skating Trip, Spirit Photos and Spin Art:
Samples from various sources: