Mid Term Review Sheet - Answers

Do NOT print this document...at least not here at school. I have copies available of the blank answer sheet to be filled out.

This is a ROUGH outline of the answers. They may NOT be in the same order as the review...and not ALL of the following are on this years review sheet. Match the following answers with the questions on your review sheet and hand write out the answers.


There will also be words from the 1st, 2nd and 3rd 6 weeks Vocabulary (those that appeared on the focus and/or test). Be sure to review Focus 3 especially for the





q    What settings must be changed for every “object” placed into Word? 1. Set layout to square, 2. Turn “move Object with Text OFF”, 3. Turn “Lock Anchors” ON.

q    How do you nudge an object one pixel? Nudge an object by one pixel…option + arrow key.

q    A nudge moves an object 5 pixels. An incremental nudge with a Ctrl + Arrow key moves an object over 1 pixel at a time.

q    Concept of leading lines is that a pictures has strong lines that lead to or draw your attention into a center of interest

q    Framing is a concept of surrounding an subject with objects that create a frame to draw your attention into the main subject.

q    The process of seeing the exposure on the K1000 is to set the shutter speed and aperture until the needle is in the middle, making sure that the shutter speed is at least 1/60 of a second.

q    What might be the problem with too small of a test strip? Too small of a representation of the entire print, especially on an 8x10

q    What does the 8x10 crop factor mean to you when printing your pictures? Your viewfinder shows you an aspect ration similar to that of an 8x12. So, when you print an 8x10, you are going to loose 1" of the image on the left, and 1" on the right...or some combination of 2" will be lost. You should keep this in mind especially when printing verticals to make sure you do not loose the tops of people's heads when shooting portraits or other closely cropped images.

q    How does the concept of enlargement apply to your shooting experience? First, you CAN enlarge, second, you CAN change the composition from what was originally shot, but quality goes down as you enlarge…SO, you SHOULD try to get the best composition when you shoot the picture. Get close…and fill the frame with your subjects. And finally, you should consider the 8x12 to 8x10 cropping factor.

q    The purpose of dry mounting is to protect the print and to provide a way to display your photos. You will need your photo, a mount tissue, mount board, tacking iron, falcon print positioner, and mount press.

q    You choose the color of your mount board to either draw out the highlights (white board), shadows (black board) or to intensify colors (also a black board).

q    How do you determine if you should “DODGE” the dark areas or “BURN” the light areas? Which ever is easier based on how much there is to dodge or to burn. Expose for the light or dark parts of the picture, then dodge or burn the areas that are needed.

q    Write out the keyboard short cuts for:

a.      New= Ctrl + N

b.     Save= Ctrl + S

c.     Open= Ctrl + O

d.     Close = Ctrl + W (some programs)

e.      Quit =  Alt + F4

f.       Center = Ctrl + E

g.     Change Font Size- Default Size = Ctrl + Shift + , or Ctrl + Shift + . 


(Cmd on an Apple Mac is the Keyboard equivalent of Control on a Windows PC)


q          Write out the keyboard short cuts for:

h.     Change Font Size- 1 pt. = Ctrl + [ or ]

i.        Copy =  Ctrl + C

j.        Paste = Ctrl + V

k.     Select All= Ctrl + A

l.        Print = Ctrl + P

m.   Cut = Ctrl + X

n.     Undo = Ctrl + Z

q    What is the purpose of dodging and burning? (don’t just give the definition…what are you trying to do?) To selectively light and or darken parts of a picture for a custom print job not possible when printing from commercial printers.





No longer used:

Insert Time = Alt, i, t     Print Preview = Alt, f, w, v     Change Page Set up = Alt, p, m   Insert a file = Alt, n, p, f   Alt, f, a, Repeat Last = Ctrl + Y