BOLD SENTENCES are the most important items for the FIRST test covering the parts and basic operation. Other items may appear on the 6 week or midterm test.
1. You should be able to use the camera diagram to identify the parts of the single lens reflex.
a. Be sure to know for sure the film speed, shutter speed, aperture, rewind button, and other key parts Camera Parts with Labels
b. SS Fast to Slow: 1000, 500, 250, 125, 60, 30, 15, 8, 4, 2, 1 B Aperture, Large to Small: 2, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22
2. What should be used at all times when you have the camera in your possession?
a. Camera strap
3. Why should camera and film not be stored in the glove compartment? (2 Reasons)
a. Heat will mess up film, change in temperature will ruin camera and lens, even a digital camera
4. What does ISO indicate?
a. Film speed
5. The very first thing to do after loading the camera with film is what?
a. Set the film speed to the correct ISO…and do not change it unless you change the film
6. The very first thing you do after making the last exposure is what?
a. Rewind the film RIGHT THEN…do not put it off as you might forget.
7. Why should film be loaded and unloaded in subdued light?
a. Bending of the film may allow light to leak into the film cassette
8. Why is black used for most camera parts?
a. So light is not reflected and bounced around into unwanted areas during the exposure
9. What procedure is used to ensure proper focus? (2 Steps)
a. Focus on the main subject…and recompose the viewfinder to capture the scene that you want
10. What does the shutter speed control?
a. How long the shutter is open
11. What is the chief cause of unsharp negatives?
a. Camera shake due to too slow of a shutter.
12. How should the shutter mechanism be released to avoid camera movement?
13. If the needle is indicating below center, what does that mean and what do you do?
a. The pictures is currently underexposed, open the aperture or slow down the shutter…but if you go slower than 1/60th of a sec, you may need to use a tripod. If you go less than 1/15…you definitely will need one.
14. Using a medium to slow shutter speed, what are two methods to stop action?
a. Wait for the height of the action…or pan with the action
15. A faster shutter speed is needed to stop action when the object is moving in what relationship to the camera?
16. Which lens opening gives the least depth of field (the amount which is in focus)?
17. Which lens opening gives the most depth of field (the amount that is in focus)?
a. f/22 (f16 on the multiple choice answer. f22 does provide the most depth of field on a 50mm lens that has a range of apertures from f2 to f22)
18. Which shutter speed from a selection stops action the least? Circle the correct one. 1/30, 1/125, 1, 1/15
a. Remember that the 1 is 1 sec. All of the other numbers are fractions of a sec…i.e. 1/1000
19. Which shutter speed from a selection stops action the most? Circle the correct one. 1/30, 1/125, 1, 1/15
a. 1/125 (remember that 1000 is the fastest shutter speed on the k1000 and stops action the most)
20. How does the light meter indicate correct light level?
a. When the needle is in the middle
21. What should you use in addition to the built in exposure meter?
a. Your head. Inside this classroom, at 100 iso, the exposure is about 1/15 @ f/2. Outside, on a sunny day is 1/125 @ f/16. If your numbers are way off…then something is wrong.
22. How do you control perspective with a fixed focal length lens?
a. Move your feet…that is…change your camera to subject distance
23. Using Kodak 200 film (ISO 200), on a bright, sunny day, proper exposure is?
a. This is called the sunny F/16 rule…and is how disposable cameras are set up. The shutter speed equals the film speed. So, at ISO 200, the aperture is f/16 and the film speed would be 1/250 (close to the film ISO). Or, if you have ISO 100, you would set your SS to 1/125. For ISO 400, you would use 1/500 SS.
24. How does the Pentax K1000 indicate a dead battery?
a. The needle will be stuck in the middle so that even when pointing at a bright light…it will still not move.
25. On a manual camera, how can you ensure that your film is advancing?
a. Verify that the rewind knob continues to move through out your entire shooting, especially after the first few pictures. "Wheel in the Sky" Theme Song
26. What is the normal minimum shutter speed for hand held photography?
27. If a bright object is in your camera's viewfinder, but it is not your main subject, what should you do about the exposure meter reading?
a. Fill the Frame with the subject to get an accurate reading. As long as the meter reading is from the main subject...don't worry about the bright object causing the meter to indicate possible over exposure. If what you are shooting is the bright object, you need to get a meter reading from something else near by that is of neutral lighting.
28. At what point should you open the back of the camera?
a. ONLY after you have rewound your film.
29. How do you control the exposure?
a. Using the built in light meter, adjust the shutter speed and aperture to set the meter needle to the middle. Ensure 1/60 of sec shutter speed, if handheld, and use your head to compensate for any irregular exposure conditions.
**Additional: Study Units 14-15 and Unit 18. Understand depth of field on pages 89-90. Understand panning and peak of action. Pre-focusing techniques, direction of movement, Sunny f/16 rule, and all notes.